Animal Rights Encyclopedia

Animal rights painting & prints
Animal Rights Paintings & Prints
Free Use

You are welcome to use these on your not-for-profit web site for a link.


Animal Rights Encyclopedia entries
  1. Absolutism
  2. Altruism
  3. Animal Ethics
  4. Animal Rights - see 'Rights'
  5. Animal Rights History
  6. Animal Rights Motto
  7. Animal Rights vs Animal Ethics
  8. Animal Rights vs Animal Welfare
  9. Animal Rights vs Conservation
  10. Anthropocentrism
  11. Anthropocentrism, Enlightened
  12. Anthropomorphism
  13. Aquinas, Thomas
  14. Aristotle

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Bearskin Hats
  2. Beef Cattle Statistics
  3. Bestiality - see 'Zoophilia'
  4. Behaviourism
  5. Bentham, Jeremy
  6. Brain, Milestones of Understanding
  7. Bushmeat

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Cat Traffic Training
  2. Chickens - Broiler Hens
  3. Chickens - Egg-laying Hens
  4. Chickens Statistics
  5. Clever Hans the Counting Horse
  6. Consciousness
  7. Consequence Ethics (Consequentialism)
  8. Consideration, Equal
  9. Contractarianism
  10. Copernicus, Nicolaus
  11. Creature Harmony
  12. Cruelty

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Darwin, Charles
  2. Deep Ecology
  3. Descartes
  4. Dogs - Communication & Control
  5. Duty Ethics (Deontology)

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Emotivism
  2. Environmental Ethics / Environmentalism
  3. Ethical Egoism
  4. Ethical Theories & Animal Rights
  5. Euphemisms
  6. Expanding the Circle
  7. Experimental Animals - see 'Laboratory-Experimental Animals'

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Factory Farming
  2. Fish Statistics
  3. Five Freedoms
  4. Foxhunting with Hounds
  5. Fur Animal Statistics
  6. Fur Brushes & Bows
  7. Fur Farming
  8. Fur Marketing
  9. Fur Morality
  10. Fur Species
  11. Fur Trapping

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Golden Rule
  2. Goldfish Bowls
  3. Great Apes

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Han means He or She
  2. Human Overpopulation
  3. Human Superiority

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Interests
  2. Interests - see Consideration, Equal
  3. Intrinsic Value
  4. Is Ought Fallacy
  5. It - Stop Calling Animals It

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Laboratory-Experimental Animals
  2. Legalism

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Meat Statistics
  2. Mirror Test of Animal Consciousness
  3. Moral Agents & Patients
  4. Moral Autonomy
  5. Moral Status or Standing
  6. Moral Theory Choice
  7. Moral Values & Judgements
  8. Mutilation of Farm Animals

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Naturalistic Fallacy
  2. Natural Selection
  3. New Welfarism - see 'Welfarism, New'
  4. Number Fallacy

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Painism
  2. Passenger Pigeon
  3. Pigs / Hogs Statistics
  4. Predation

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Reciprocal Morality
  2. Religious Tradition
  3. Rights

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Sheep & Goats Statistics
  2. Soul
  3. Subjectivism
  4. Subject of a Life

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Terrorism
  2. Therianthropy

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Universal Declaration on Animals
  2. Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare
  3. Utilitarianism

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Vegetarianism
  2. Vermin
  3. Virtue Ethics

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Welfarism, New
  2. Wolf Ethics

Home - Animal Rights Encyclopedia
  1. Zoophilia
  2. Zoos


Anthropocentrism, Enlightened

Enlightened anthropocentrisimEnlightened anthropocentrism is the view that humans should give consideration to the needs of nature, although human needs always take precedence over nature’s needs. Enlightened anthropocentrism is similar to anthropocentrism in that it is motivated by exploiting nature for human wellbeing and prosperity, but in addition it attempts not to destroy it, albeit if only to make sustainable use of its mineral wealth, wildlife, aesthetics and recreational capacity.
Enlightened anthropocentrism is widely accepted as a strategy by liberal governments.
The exploitation of nature in enlightened anthropocentrism is moderated by the fear of inviting natural destruction, like floods, drought and animal extinctions, on human ventures. The benefits from nature and the fear of natural destruction make a doubly powerful incentive to protect nature from too much human violation. Hence this brand of anthropocentrism is said to be 'enlightened'.

Our everyday human concerns of politics and legislation guide enlightened anthropocentrism in practice. For instance, we make laws to protect nature for human use and by doing so we indirectly protect wild animals. An example is that some countries have a short 'closed season' during which the sport shooting of deer is banned so that deer can breed and flourish. Thus a benefit for humans (shooting deer) becomes an advantage for animals (a bit of peace and quite).

Adherents of enlightened anthropocentrism make a number of claims about it. Our moral duties, they argue, are only to humans. Although we exploit nature we also protect it as a human resource and it benefits indirectly through this protection. They say the preservation of the environment need only depend on the practical degree to which humanity can modify and manage ecosystems and not any other notion. They say that alternative non-human-centred outlooks, such as animal rights, environmentalism and deep ecology, amount merely to impractical, difficult to prove moral arguments for safeguarding nature. Indeed, liberal governments seeking a workable strategy for exploiting and protecting nature tend to turn to enlightened anthropocentrism for their inspiration.

Human folly.



Page revised November 2011.
Web site established Nov 2009.